The Legendary Alfa Romeo B.A.T. Cars Join Sotheby's October Contemporary Art Evening Auction
ART IN MOTION: RENOWNED ALFA ROMEO B.A.T. 5, 7 & 9 TO BE OFFERED TOGETHER AS A SINGLE LOT AT SOTHEBY’S FORTHCOMING CONTEMPORARY ART EVENING SALE
The Alfa Romeo Berlina Aerodinamica Tecnica (B.A.T.) Concepts:
An Automotive Masterpiece in Three Parts
To be Offered as Part of Sotheby’s Forthcoming Contemporary Art Evening Sale in New York, Livestreamed to the World on 28 October 2020
ESTIMATED TO SELL FOR $14/20 Million
Arguably the most spectacular and seminal series of concept vehicles ever produced
Designed by Franco Scaglione and executed by Carrozzeria Bertone over 1953, 1954 and 1955, the cars featured pioneering aerodynamics and radical design features
Offered from single, long-term ownership and the first time ever to be offered for sale as a united trio
The Alfa Romeo triptych is arguably the most instantly recognizable and globally famous series of concept vehicles ever produced
Befitting their place as automotive design icons, the cars will be offered as part of Sotheby’s Contemporary Art Evening sale in New York on 28 October
NEW YORK, 16 October 2020 – RM Sotheby’s, in association with the Sotheby’s Fine Art Division, is delighted to announce that it will offer the Alfa Romeo Berlina Aerodinamica Tecnica Concepts, a trio of incredible automotive and sculptural design that were produced by Bertone for the Turin auto salons across 1953, 1954 and 1955. The vaunted trio of Alfa Romeos will be offered as a single lot at the forthcoming Contemporary Art Evening Auction on 28 October. Regarded by many as the seminal vehicle designs of the 20th century, B.A.T. 5, 7, & 9 were presented to the public over three consecutive years and have firmly lodged themselves amongst the most spectacular and memorable automotive designs ever produced.
The three cars were more than just design studies and a showcase of what world’s best panel beaters and craftsmen could create; they were also an incredibly effective demonstration of forward-thinking design engineering and advanced aerodynamics. Although designed around modest Alfa Romeo road car chassis, the cars stunned the public with a hitherto unseen blend of sculpture and efficiency, and with more than just a hint of fantasy and science-fiction resonating from each of the three designs.
1953 B.A.T. 5 - The first of the B.A.T. concepts, Scaglione set about to produce a visually arresting design that absolutely maximized airflow, and ultimately created a car of spectacular drama. Working with airflow as the essence of how to develop the lines of the vehicle, the completed concept was appropriately dubbed the Berlina Aerodinamica Tecnica 5, or B.A.T. 5.
As with its successors, the running gear was sourced from the Alfa Romeo 1900, but it is a notable fact that the automaker would remain relatively uninvolved with the design process until the final design, the B.A.T. 9. Output from this four-cylinder engine, mated to a five-speed manual transmission, was approximately 90 horsepower, yet the wind-cheating lines afforded the car a top speed approaching 125 mph. This remarkable performance was thanks to its drag coefficient, calculated at an incredibly low 0.23 Cd - impressive even by today’s standards. It’s pontoon fenders, nose vents, wraparound glass cockpit, tapering tailfins and wheel skirts, all combined to produce both aerodynamic efficiency and a design considered to be, almost literally, ‘out of this world’.
954 B.A.T. 7 - Having served its purpose, B.A.T. 5 was essentially mothballed after the 1953 show and work commenced on an updated version, soon to be known as the B.A.T. 7. Given the first car’s success, Scaglione was encouraged to emphasize various characteristics of the original, and he obliged by narrowing the front air intakes, lowering the hood by over two inches, and lengthening the tailfins while adding increased angular pitch to the extremities. The rear wheel skirts and pronounced side vents remained. The resulting design’s coefficient of drag was, at 0.19 Cd, even more remarkable than its predecessor. This figure is lower than many 21st century super car designs, and this was achieved in 1954 without wind tunnel testing or computer-aided design. A remarkable feat.
1955 B.A.T 9 - The final of the three cars saw Alfa Romeo take a greater interest in the design process, largely driven by a desire to make the car both stunning visually at but with more consideration given to applying the design practical road use. For B.A.T. 9, Scaglione explored a roadworthy gran turismo interpretation of the theme with the fins reduced in size to improve rear visibility, and the rear wheel skirts eliminated. A new pronounced beltline was added toward the rear, while a standard production triangular Giulietta grille, including the famed Milano crest, was fitted to the front grille, highlighting the car’s identity as an Alfa Romeo. Despite this more practical approach to the design, the result proved to be the crescendo of the design iteration and was much admired for its jet-age design that perfectly combined both form and function.
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